Atomic structure

Sometimes it can be helpful when we break things right down and look at them at a microscopic level.

Inflammation has been identified as the factor that underpins all of our degenerative illnesses today.  An inflammatory response is generated by our body when toxins introduce free radicals to our body.  These toxins come in the form of pollutant chemicals, the foods we eat, cigarettes, not to mention the unseen microwaves from our phones and their networks.  The free radicals that these toxins bring, rob our cells of electrons and this is the key to ill health: Free radicals causing damage to our tissues and organs.

Read on to understand more about electrons and molecules and how this relates to the section from an article by Joseph Marcello for Radiant Life that shows how fundamental electron donation can be to our health through electron donors such as Vitamin C.

But first the basics.

Elements are said to be pure- that is they cannot be broken down or decomposed into two or more different substances.

Pure oxygen is an example of an element; also phosphorous, copper and nitrogen.

In most living material elements do not exist alone in their pure state.   Instead two or more elements are joined to form chemical combinations called compounds.  Compounds can be broken down or decomposed into the elements that are contained within them.

Water is a compound (H2O)  It can be broken down into three atoms; two hydrogen and one oxygen.

Combinations of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen make up 96% of the human body.

Atomic Structure

Atoms contain several kinds of smaller, subatomic particles.  These are found either in the central nucleus or its surrounding electron cloud or field. The most important subatomic particles are:

protons; positively charged in the nucleus

neutrons; neutral in the nucleus so the nucleus or core of an atom is positively charged and has a charge that is equal to the number of protons in it.

electrons; the number of electrons that move around the nucleus and are negatively charged equal the number of positively charged protons in the nucleus.

The opposing charges cancel each other out.

The Atomic number = the number of protons in the nucleus eg. hydrogen has an atomic number 1

Atomic weight is the mass of a single atom; weight of protons + neutrons

Octet rule .  Atoms have electron shells orbiting their nucleus.  In order to be stable the inner shell requires two electrons to be full and the next shell requires eight electrons.  Without a full quota of paired electrons in the outermost shell, the atom is highly reactive. It will try to gain, lose or share electrons to gain stability.

Isotopes are elements with different numbers of neutrons.

When an atom loses an electron from its orbiting shell the atom acquires a positive electrical charge.

The pH of the body and it’s fluids is measured by the absence or presence of positively charged hydrogen ions.

H+ is a hydrogen atom that has lost an electron and so becomes a positively charged ion called a cation.

Ionic Bonds.

When metals react with non-metals, electrons are transferred from the metal atoms to the non-metal atoms, forming ions. The resulting compound is called an ionic compound.

Consider reactions between metals and non-metals, for example,

  • sodium + chlorine → sodium chloride
  • magnesium + oxygen → magnesium oxide
  • calcium + chlorine → calcium chloride

In each of these reactions, the metal atoms give electrons to the non-metal atoms. The metal atoms become positive ions and the non-metal atoms become negative ions.

The ionic bond is the strong electrostatic force that binds the positively and negatively charged ions together.  It is a chemical bond formed by the transfer of electrons from one atom to another.  It occurs when atoms lose, gain or share electrons.


The loss of an electron in the sodium ion gives it a positive charge as it has 1 more proton than electrons – this is a cation.  The chloride ion on the other hand has gained a negative electron – it has 1 more than it’s protons therefore it has a negative charge this is an anion.  The positive and negative charges hold them together in a salt crystal:

Covalent Bonds

Covalent compounds are formed from non-metals.  They have no free electrons and no ions so they don’t conduct electricity.  Instead they share electrons.  The major elements of the body almost always share electrons to form covalent bonds.  It is this bond, with each pair being attracted to each nucleus that maintains the structure.  We can see an example of this in the Carbon Dioxide molecule:


In a recent lecture as guest speaker at the 35th Annual Tree of Life Cancer Prevention Conference, Dr. Levy sums up – in almost primal way – the rock bottom line on the biochemistry of health and illness with the following chart:

Electron Flow and Disease

  • High flow, health; low flow, disease; no flow, death
  • Chronic electron suppliers: nutrients
  • Chronic electron depleters: toxins
  • Virtually all toxic and most diseased states can be readily addressed by this model

As if to drive home his stunningly simple premise, he reiterates:
“In a nutshell, the integrity of health in the body is related to – and directly relies upon – electron flow; high electron flow is virtually equivalent to health, low electron flow – a wide range of different diseases depending upon what tissue or cellular site is affected the most, and ultimately, when you’re not having electron flow any more, you’re dead. . . all chronic degenerative disease, all infectious diseases ultimately induce their negative effects, their symptomatology, their ultimate degrading effects in the tissues through pro-oxidant mechanisms. In other words, it doesn’t matter if you’re being poisoned with mercury, poisoned with pesticides, if you have a chlostrydium infection and you’re getting the toxins and infectious process there, ultimately the negative effects and symptomatology is being mediated by pro-oxidation, which means – electron robbery – the taking of electrons out of your tissues. And the more complete and the more rapid this electron theft is, the sicker you are and the more symptomatic you are. Conversely, the more that you can supply a fresh flow of electrons in large number and large rate of flow, the more quickly you’ll become less symptomatic, or, depending upon the process of the disease, asymptomatic, and depending on how far things have extended, even conceivably with some chronic degenerative diseases, a reversal of the disease process, and on rare occasions, that horrible word – cure.

As I mentioned, all toxins cause oxidative damage – at least 100 percent of the over 100 toxins that are researched in the literature; and to this end, high doses of intravenous vitamin C, or other elegantly applied forms of vitamin C – will neutralize botulism, snakebite, organo-phosphate insecticides, all the different heavy metals. To the best of my knowledge there’s no need for anything known as an antidote – other than vitamin C. Similarly, all infectious diseases ultimately inflict most of their damage via oxidative damage – increased free radicals. Whenever you hear pro-oxidant, increased free radicals – all of these things can be quenched by a large enough supply of electrons.”

Serendipitously, last month’s Secrets of a Radiant Life focused upon the profound potentials of grounding – or Earthing – ourselves to the virtually infinite electron-field of planet earth as a virtually free and limitless way of restoring our lifelong impoverishment of electrons.

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