The special senses have specialized organs devoted to them:
- vision (the eye)
- hearing and balance (the ear, which includes the auditory system and vestibular system)
- smell – olfaction (the nose)
- taste – gustation (the tongue)
- balance (equilibrium)
The purpose of the special senses is to receive a stimulus, be it light sound, smell or taste and to turn that stimulus into a nerve action potential so that it might be sent to the brain for interpretation.
The way that the body has done this is to develop highly specialised receptors that are suitably designed to enhance these stimuli and thus cause physically or chemically, a nerve impulse to be generated. these specialised receptors are what essentially y make up the special senses.